of Bangladesh lies within the broad delta formed by the Ganges and Brahmaputra
rivers and is exceedingly flat, low-lying, and subject to annual flooding.
Much fertile, alluvial soil is deposited by the floodwaters. The only significant
area of hilly terrain, constituting less than one-tenth of the nation's
territory, is the Chittagong Hill Tracts District in the narrow southeastern
panhandle of the country. There, on the border with Myanmar, is Mowdok Mual
(1,003 m/3,291 ft), the country's highest peak. Small, scattered hills lie
along or near the eastern and northern borders with India. The eroded remnants
of two old alluvial terraces-the Madhupur Tract, in the north central part
of the country, and The Barind, straddling the northwestern boundary with
India-attain elevations of about 30 m (about 100 ft). The soil here is much
less fertile than the annually replenished alluvium of the surrounding floodplain.
Total area: 144,000 square kilometers;
Land area: 133,910 square kilometers
Land boundaries: 4,246 km total; 193 km with Myanmar, 4,053 km with India,
Coastline: 580 km.
· Arable land 67%
· Forest and woodland 16%
· Permanent crops 2%
· Meadows and pastures 4%
· Others 11%.